Divorced. Beheaded. Died. Divorced. Beheaded. Survived.
Yes, in the 1st six terms of Olivier Award–nominated musical Six, we learn the fate of each and every of Henry VIII’s spouses. But just how much are you aware about their everyday lives?
Writers Toby Marlow and Lucy Moss dug in to the reputation for Tudor England plus the court that is royal the words for their pop music opera, and greater historic knowledge means greater admiration of this nuances in Marlow and Moss’ writing. Here are the CliffsNotes to assist you navigate this chapter in Uk history.
Catherine of Aragon Queen from 1509–1533The “paragon of royalty” had been the wife that is first of VIII. A spanish princess, she ended up being the child of Isabelle and Ferdinand, thus the Latin beats and Spanish trumpets in her own Six solo “No Way.” Catherine first married Arthur (Henry’s older bro and heir obvious to your English throne) in 1501 whenever she had been 15. But five months after their wedding, Arthur passed away. Arthur’s dad almost had to get back her dowry, but a King would not spend money—or European alliances. He married her down to their younger son, Henry VIII, in 1509, though Henry was 5 years her junior. She faithfully served England, ruling as regent in 1513 when Henry ended up being away in France. However when she did not make a male heir, things got complicated. Together with her pregnancy that is fifth provided birth to Mary (the long term Mary I of England), but Henry became preoccupied with siring a child. He became convinced that their wedding to their brother’s widow had been cursed by Jesus, or, as Catherine sings, “You state it is a shame ‘cause quoting Leviticus ‘I’ll find yourself kidiless all my entire life.’”
It’s commonly thought he utilized the Bible as a justification to divorce the princess that is spanish a want to marry her woman in waiting, Anne Boleyn. Catherine ended up being furious he cast her apart; she had tolerated their affairs (“I’ve never destroyed control regardless of how times that are many knew you lied”) as any Queen had been expected. Furthermore, Catherine maintained that she had never ever consummated her wedding to Arthur—so that’s the wedding that has been null. Complicated, we understand. Given that track shows, Catherine refused an annulment, claiming until her death that she ended up being the rightful Queen. Catherine ended up being delivered to a “nun-ry” but ultimately relocated to The greater Castle. She passed away in 1536 at the chronilogical age of 50, nevertheless keeping she had been the actual only real genuine spouse of Henry VIII.
Anne Boleyn Queen from 1533–1536Though affairs between your King and their Queen’s women in waiting were common and expected, nobody expected him to go out of Catherine to wed Anne—the sibling of their former mistress, at that. Anne spent my youth in the court for the Queen of France before going back house to England to become listed on the royal court.
Anne Boleyn is normally depicted because the devious wife, presumably plotting to dethrone Catherine—unsatisfied to be merely a mistress, “some woman in a threesome.” Henry and Anne married in key January 25, 1533; they got the Archbishop to declare Henry’s wedding to Catherine null and their brand new wedding to Anne valid—thus breaking through the Catholic Church and starting the Church of England. Anne ended up being crowned queen June 1, 1533; she quickly provided delivery to a woman, the near future Elizabeth we. But after three miscarriages, Henry took a mistress that is new Jane Seymour. Needing a real method to rid himself of Anne, Henry reported that Anne had bewitched him as he had been hitched to Catherine. Anne maybe flirted with a few men “just to create him jel,” but that merely resulted in accusations of adultery and incest. She had been beheaded during the Tower of London may 15, 1536, at age 35.
Fun reality: Historians think Henry VIII published “Greensleeves” for Anne Boleyn, who he had been wanting to woo. Ergo, the techno remix of “Greensleeves” in “Ex-Wives.”
Jane Seymour Queen from 1536–1537Just as Anne Boleyn overtook the girl she served, Jane Seymour had been a lady-in-waiting to Queen Anne, after serving Queen Catherine. Henry VIII became betrothed to Jane one after Anne’s execution day. Jane offered birth to a son, Edward, in October 1537 and passed away a couple of weeks later on of postnatal problems. Jane is generally looked at as the favourite, as this woman is the only real spouse Henry freely mourned while the only 1 to get a queen’s funeral, which is the reason why her song in Six is considered the most such as a energy ballad—even if it she sings that “without my son your love could vanish.” Henry VIII ended up being fundamentally buried beside her at Windsor Castle.
Anne of Cleves Queen from January 1540–July 1540Anne of Cleves lasted just sixth months as Queen, but she kept her mind. Musician Hans Holbein younger went along to Germany to paint Anne along with her cousin, as Henry VIII considered which will be their 4th spouse. (We read about these travels in “Haus of Holbein.”)
But once Anne arrived after her portrait, Henry felt she “didn’t didn’t appearance like her profile image.” She showed a lack that is general of, “sippin’ on mead and I also spill it to my dress,” which additionally displeased the royal. Essentially, the master made excuses for their displeasure along with her and discovered another reason to be rid of her, saying there was clearly not a way she had been a virgin if they wed. Awarded an annulment, Anne stayed in benefit utilizing the King and sometimes checked out court through the reigns regarding the last two queens. She died in 1557.
Catherine Howard Queen from 1540–1541Catherine, better referred to as Kitty, ended up being very long the item of intimate attention as recommended in “All You Wanna Do.” She had been molested by her music instructor, Henry Mannox, as he had been 36 ( perhaps perhaps not 23 as Six states) and she 13. At 15, she relocated together with her grandmother, “the dowager Duchess,” and became fans with “sexy secretary” Francis Dereham—an affair that could visited haunt her later. Her grandmother discovered the affair and delivered her into the Tudor court.
Like her relative, Anne Boleyn, she served being a lady-in-waiting however in the court of Anne of Cleves. The master ended up being 49 years of age as he married the 16-year-old. Nevertheless the gossips at court—some of who had witnessed Dereham—quickly spread word to her behavior that Catherine had been committing adultery behind Henry’s back with Henry’s courtier Thomas Culpeper. Culpepper, Dereham, and Catherine were all performed (Dereham ended up being drawn and quartered). Catherine, beheaded February 13, 1542, ended up being hidden in a unmarked grave.
Catherine Parr Queen from 1543-1547The last spouse of Henry VIII lived in constant anxiety about her very own execution. Ahead of her marriage to King Henry VIII, she had two husbands that are previous ended up being widowed both in instances. She had dropped deeply in love with Thomas Seymour (Jane’s sibling) before she caught the optical attention associated with King. Plus in “I Don’t youtube-com-watch?v=NVTRbNgz2oos org Need Your Love,” she pleads with Thomas to keep her alone to save lots of them both from the King’s wrath and specific death.
By the right time she wed Henry, he had been 52 as well as in sick wellness.
Catherine ingratiated herself to your master by being a mom to his three kiddies: Catherine of Aragon’s Mary, Anne Boleyn’s Elizabeth, and Jane Seymour’s Edward. She’s the one who restored Mary and Elizabeth’s royal standing therefore that they might can be found in the type of succession.
During her reign, Catherine had been the very first queen of England and Ireland; she ended up being additionally the queen most abundant in influence that is diplomatic Catherine of Aragon, as she served as regent whenever Henry traveled to France once again. Catherine ended up being an advocate of reformation within the Church, Protestantism. In reality, she published publications on prayer inside her own name—and ended up being the very very first Queen of England to do this. Therefore it’s real that she “fought for feminine education.” Before Henry VIII passed away January 28, 1547, he instructed that she be respected while the Queen of England even with their death—which is what took place. She stepped down through the throne whenever Prince Edward, Jane Seymour’s son, ended up being willing to ascend in 1547. This time around, she had been usually the one to re-marry, to gentleman of this court Thomas Seymour. She passed away September 5, 1548.